- What is the difference between STP and RSTP?
- What is STP plant process?
- What information can be found in a STP Bpdu?
- What are the types of STP?
- What is STP treated water?
- What are the 3 stages of sewage treatment?
- What is alternate port in STP?
- What is STP and how does it work?
- What is STP guard?
- What is STP edge port?
- Why do we use EtherChannel?
- Is Spanning Tree Protocol still used?
- Why VTP is used explain with an example?
- Why is Rstp faster than STP?
- What is Rapid STP?
- Is Rstp compatible with STP?
- How does Rstp work?
- What happens during STP convergence?
What is the difference between STP and RSTP?
Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) is an evolution of the Spanning Tree Protocol (802.1D standard) and provides for faster spanning tree convergence after a topology change.
Spanning-Tree Protocol (STP) prevents loops from being formed when switches or bridges are interconnected via multiple paths..
What is STP plant process?
Sewage treatment is the process of removing contaminants from municipal wastewater, containing mainly household sewage plus some industrial wastewater. … If the sewer system is a combined sewer then it will also carry urban runoff (stormwater) to the sewage treatment plant.
What information can be found in a STP Bpdu?
A bridge protocol data unit (BPDU) is a data message transmitted across a local area network to detect loops in network topologies. A BPDU contains information regarding ports, switches, port priority and addresses. BPDUs contain the information necessary to configure and maintain spanning tree topology.
What are the types of STP?
Types of Sewage Treatment PlantsActivated sludge plant (ASP)Rotating disc system.Submerged aerated filter (SAF)Suspended Media Filters (SMF)Sequencing batch reactor (SBR)Non-electric filter.Trickling filter.
What is STP treated water?
Sewage treatment is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, primarily from household sewage. It includes physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove these contaminants and produce environmentally safe treated wastewater (or treated effluent).
What are the 3 stages of sewage treatment?
Sewage treatment is done in three stages: primary, secondary and tertiary treatment.
What is alternate port in STP?
An Alternate port provides a backup of your own Root port. If your Root port fails, the Alternate port is allowed to immediately transition into the Forwarding state and become the new Root port (in essence, the Alternate port is the one that receives the second best BPDU).
What is STP and how does it work?
The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is responsible for identifying links in the network and shutting down the redundant ones, preventing possible network loops. In order to do so, all switches in the network exchange BPDU messages between them to agree upon the root bridge. … The root bridge needs to be elected.
What is STP guard?
The STP root guard feature prevents a port from becoming root port or blocked port. If a port configured for root guard receives a superior BPDU, the port immediately goes to the root-inconsistent (blocked) state. Usually STP root guard is configured on primary & secondary root switches.
What is STP edge port?
A port directly connecting to a user terminal rather than another device or a shared LAN segment can be configured as an edge port. In case the network topology changes, an edge port does not cause a temporary loop. You can enable the port to transit to the forwarding state rapidly by configuring it as an edge port.
Why do we use EtherChannel?
EtherChannel is a port link aggregation technology or port-channel architecture used primarily on Cisco switches. It allows grouping of several physical Ethernet links to create one logical Ethernet link for the purpose of providing fault-tolerance and high-speed links between switches, routers and servers.
Is Spanning Tree Protocol still used?
The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is widely used for network redundancy and resilience in Ethernet networks, in spite of its well-known flaws and limitations. … I will present the information again in Building the Physical Network for the Software-Defined Data Center on Sept.
Why VTP is used explain with an example?
To better understand the true value of VTP, consider an example network with 100 switches. Without VTP, if you want to create a VLAN on each switch, you would have to manually enter VLAN configuration commands on every switch! VTP enables you to create the VLAN only on a single switch.
Why is Rstp faster than STP?
RSTP converges faster because it uses a handshake mechanism based on point-to-point links instead of the timer-based process used by STP. For networks with virtual LANs (VLANs), you can use VLAN Spanning Tree Protocol (VSTP), which takes the paths of each VLAN into account when calculating routes.
What is Rapid STP?
Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) is a network protocol that ensures a loop-free topology for Ethernet networks. … This protocol is incorporated into IEEE 802.1Q-2014. RSTP provides faster convergence than 802.1D STP when topology changes occur.
Is Rstp compatible with STP?
In 2001, the IEEE introduced Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) as 802.1w. RSTP provides significantly faster recovery in response to network changes or failures, introducing new convergence behaviors and bridge port roles to do this. RSTP was designed to be backwards-compatible with standard STP.
How does Rstp work?
RSTP works by adding an alternative port and a backup port compared to STP. These ports are allowed to immediately enter the forwarding state rather than passively wait for the network to converge. … The alternative port moves to the forwarding state if there is a failure on the designated port for the segment.
What happens during STP convergence?
Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) convergence (Layer 2 convergence) happens when bridges and switches have transitioned to either the forwarding or blocking state. When layer 2 is converged, Root Switch is elected and Root Ports, Designated Ports and Non-Designated ports in all switches are selected.