Question: How Dangerous Is Sodium Hydroxide?

What happens if you touch sodium hydroxide?

Contact with skin can cause irritation or severe burns.

Greater exposure can cause scarring.

Vapor and direct contact can cause eye irritation.

Greater exposure can cause burns that could result in permanent damage to vision, including blindness..

Does sodium hydroxide cause cancer?

Some reports indicate that cancer of the esophagus may develop many years after exposure to sodium hydroxide levels that are high enough to cause tissue damage. But this does not mean that sodium hydroxide itself is a cancer agent.

Is sodium hydroxide harmful to the environment?

The high water solubility and very low vapor pressure indicate that NaOH will be found predominantly in water. Significant emissions or exposure to air are not expected due to the very low vapor pressure of sodium hydroxide. Significant emissions or exposure to the terrestrial environment are not expected either.

What does caustic soda do to lungs?

Inhalation of sodium hydroxide is immediately irritating to the respiratory tract. Swelling or spasms of the larynx leading to upper-airway obstruction and asphyxia can occur after high-dose inhalation. Inflammation of the lungs and an accumulation of fluid in the lungs may also occur.

Why do they use lye on dead bodies?

Under high heat and pressure, lye can turn corrosive enough to disintegrate fat, bones and skin. A lye solution, heated to 300 Fahrenheit degrees (148 Celsius), can dissolve an entire body into an oily brown liquid in just three hours. … Dead bodies could contain evidence that could be dredged up to be used against them.

What do you do if sodium hydroxide gets on your skin?

Skin Contact: Avoid direct contact. Wear chemical protective clothing if necessary. Quickly take off contaminated clothing, shoes and leather goods (e.g. watchbands, belts). Quickly and gently blot or brush away excess chemical.

Is sodium chloride bad for skin?

The MSDS for sodium chloride notes that it is, “slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation.” According to EWG, sodium chloride is rated as a 1 on a scale of 1 to 10, with 1 being the lowest risk to health and 10 being the highest.

Is sodium hydroxide safe in skin care?

Sodium hydroxide is in a ton of beauty products. … Sodium Hydroxide is, however, a known irritant… The National Institute for Occupation Safety and Health … recommends that consumers prevent skin and eye contact. The CDC reports that “Skin contact with sodium hydroxide can cause severe burns with deep ulcerations.

What is the common name for sodium hydroxide?

The following resources provide information about occupational exposure to sodium hydroxide. Useful search terms for sodium hydroxide include “lye,” ” caustic soda,” “soda lye,” and ” sodium hydrate.”

What is a good substitute for sodium hydroxide?

Magnesium HydroxideMagnesium Hydroxide – A Safer Alternative to Caustic Soda (Sodium Hydroxide) Caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) and lime are commonly used in the neutralization of acidic metal bearing industrial waste.

What are the benefits of sodium hydroxide?

Sodium hydroxide is used to help manufacture a variety of medicines and pharmaceutical products, from common pain relievers like aspirin, to anticoagulants that can help to prevent blood clots, to cholesterol-reducing medications.

Is Lye a carcinogen?

Food-grade lye water is very different from lye water for industrial use, and is safe for consumption. … While there is no definitive proof that lye is not carcinogenic, it should be noted that lots of food can be carcinogenic, such as salted fish and pickled mustard green.