Quick Answer: What Is Monsoon And Its Characteristics?

What are the characteristics of monsoon?

monsoon rainfall is season and occur between June and September.it is over a short period of time.the onset and withdrawal of monsoon is uncertain.flood and drought main occurs in the same year in different part of the country.monsoon rainfall is orographic in nature..

How does the monsoon affect people’s lives?

Why are monsoon rains important for India? The monsoon is the lifeblood for India’s farm-dependent $2 trillion economy, as at least half the farmlands are rain-fed. The country gets about 70% of annual rainfall in the June-September monsoon season, making it crucial for an estimated 263 million farmers.

What are the mechanism of monsoon?

Mechanism of Monsoon involves the following concept: The phenomena of monsoon refer to the seasonal reversal of winds. It is because while the South West Monsoon winds blow from sea to land at the end of the summer season, the North east winds blow from land to sea during the winter season.

What is the main features of rainfall in our country?

Unequal Distribution: The rainfall is unevenly distributed over the country. About 10% of the country gets more than 200 cm of rain while 25% of the country gets less than 75 cm of rain and rest of the country gets 100 to 200 cm of rainfall. 4. Heavy Rainfall: Indian rainfall is heavy and downpouring type.

What are the positive and negative effects of monsoons?

Monsoons can have both negative and positive effects. Flooding caused by monsoon rains can destroy property and crops (SF Fig. … However, seasonal monsoon rains can also provide freshwater for drinking and crop irrigation.

What is monsoon very short answer?

A monsoon is a seasonal change in the direction of the prevailing, or strongest, winds of a region. Monsoons cause wet and dry seasons throughout much of the tropics. Monsoons are most often associated with the Indian Ocean. Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions.

What are the two main features of tropical monsoon climate?

Main characteristic features of the tropical monsoon type of climate are:In tropical monsoon type of climate, there are two dry seasons with low rainfall. … There is a distinct rainy season with very high rainfall. … Rainfall in the tropical monsoon climate is seasonal in nature and is often irregular and uneven.More items…•

What defines a monsoon?

A monsoon is a large-scale weather pattern that involves a seasonal wind shift over a particular region and is usually accompanied by an increase in atmospheric moisture and precipitation. … All of these, in turn, enhance rainfall and thunderstorms in monsoon regions.

What are the main characteristics of Indian monsoon?

India has monsoon type of climate. (ii) Monsoon occurs in alteration of dry and wet spells. The intervening dry spells of monsoon is called ‘Breaks’ in monsoon. (iii) There is variation in intensity, frequency and duration of monsoon.

What is the effect of the monsoon?

Monsoons and health Because regions with a monsoon climate have distinctly wet and dry seasons, they are prone to floods and droughts, both of which are hazardous to health. During summer monsoons, heavy rainfall can cause flooding.

What is the other name of monsoon?

What is another word for monsoon?stormtempestrainfallwetwindstormburangustwhirlwindwilliwawblow85 more rows

Where does a monsoon occur?

It usually happens between April and September. As winter ends, warm, moist air from the southwest Indian Ocean blows toward countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas. India and Southeast Asia depend on the summer monsoon.

What are monsoons how are they caused?

What causes a monsoon? A monsoon (from the Arabic mawsim, which means “season”) arises due to a difference in temperatures between a land mass and the adjacent ocean, according to the National Weather Service.

What is the example of monsoon?

The definition of a monsoon is a seasonal, intense wind that blows from the southwest from April to October and from the northeast at other time of the year in parts of Asia, creating heavy rainstorms. An example of a monsoon is a storm that causes heavy flooding and extreme wind damage.